Cannabidiol is a rising star. And though more and more people are taking it plus searching for it, few are properly aware of its effects. One common way to differentiate cannabidiol from tetrahydrocannabinol is by defining the former as a non-psychoactive compound. Marketers do this, the media does it, and even some professionals do.
But are CBD and its products really non-psychoactive? No. In truth, cannabidiol is psychoactive. It does impact the brain and alter cognitive functionality. People only call it non-psychoactive to distinguish it from THC and to show that it is safe. What they should actually be saying is that CBD is psychoactive but non-psychotropic.
Psychoactive And Psychotropic – What’s The Difference?
There is a huge difference between the two words. While psychoactive represents that a compound can affect and alter the brain, psychotropic describes a substance that affects the mental state of a person.
Unlike tetrahydrocannabinol, CBD doesn’t make you high by altering your mental state and making you delusional. It doesn’t change your perception of reality and is hence, non-intoxicating. It is psychoactive because it does affect your cognitive working, appetite, mood, pain response, and coordination.
How Is CBD Psychoactive?
Cannabidiol is psychoactive as it interacts with the endocannabinoid system of the body. Basically, your body has cannabinoid receptors. They say there are more than a hundred of those, however, the main two ones known as CB1 and CB2 receptors. CB2 receptors mainly control immune system and pain response.
On the other hand, CB1 receptors are found in your brain. CBD binds with CB1 receptors to influence your mood, memory, focus, appetite, and more. THC has an intoxicating impact as it mimics anandamide which is a natural endocannabinoid. Anandamide interacts with CB1 receptors and by doing so, it inhibits other neurotransmitters.
This is how it has a strong euphoric influence on your mood. THC works the same way. CBD, on the other hand, has a milder effect. It loosely binds with the CB1 receptor and regulates its signals. CBD either increases or decreases signals. It is through this psychoactive effect that CBD can reduce seizures and symptoms of mood disorders such as anxiety or depression.
It affects the central and peripheral nervous system. Moreover, it crosses the blood brain barrier. CBD has psychological and neurological effects. However, research on the substance is still in its early stages. More studies are needed to see how CBD works inside the body and what long term effects it has.
CBD has psychoactive properties even though it is oft called non-psychoactive. However, it is non-intoxicating and non-psychotropic. The cannabinoid interacts with the central nervous system and affects the brain.
It is through the psychoactive properties of the substance that it is able to reduce the symptoms of seizures, mood disorders, change appetite, affect pain response, etc. It is unfair to consumers and patients when they are told that CBD is non-psychoactive.